The Tempest Essays Revenge

The Tempest The Theme of Revenge

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The Tempest is a play with many themes and motifs which guide the story of the play through out. One of the main and most important themes in the entire play would be the theme of Revenge. The concept of revenge is the main object fuelling the story and the reason behind Prospero’s strange actions. Act 2 of the play; introduces all the characters and presents an insight to each characters’ psyche. This act is really important because it really introduces and sets up the storyline of the whole play.

After each of the character has been introduced in this act the audience is then able to distinguish the important elements of the story. The audience can begin to realize why Prospero has created the storm, why only these people have been caught in the storm and not the rest of the fleet? The base of the story has been set up and the most important theme in the play (Revenge) is beginning to be revealed. Revenge as a theme is in attendance during the whole play, but it is this Act where the theme is the most powerful and noticeable.

The act starts out with Adrian discussing the importance of the island and how it can be a wonderful place if people view it that way. Prospero has started to set up his game of revenge with great planning. Every action committed by Prospero is deeply influenced by his desire of revenge. The Tempest itself was conjured by Prospero to bring the people on that ship to his island so he could teach them a lesson. Prospero is a great man because even though he is taking his revenge he makes sure he does not hurt anyone. He does not make use of any hurtful means to get his revenge.

The revenge itself is purely based on the ideology of correcting a mistake for Prospero. Frankly Prospero is trying not to get his revenge in the sense of hurting anyone but he is trying to get them to learn a lesson and giving them a chance to realize what they did was wrong. The way Prospero sets up stages for each group of people on the island separately. Antonio and Sebastian show their brutality when they try to kill the king but this whole scheme was planned by Prospero beforehand and it didn’t go exactly as planned and Antonio tried to kill Gonzalo as well.

Prospero always admired Gonzalo for his nature and this is why he decided to save his life. Prospero had a minor change of heart during the play, it is believable that he was more likely to have had tormented Alonso, Antonio etc. but he decided not to be so brutal and gave them a chance. Although his actions were driven by the craving for revenge but he realized that tormenting them wouldn’t change them. Prospero wanted his life back and wanted his daughter to have a good life. Prospero’s revenge was the right thing to do and it shows his character and personality.

It shows how he isn’t a bad person and just wants the people that did this to him to learn a lesson and realize how cruel they have been. Prospero is an extremely smart person and Revenge isn’t the only thing that influences his actions. He also relies on other factors that he wants to correct like his family and his situation at the moment. Prospero is able to get his daughter and the kings’ son Ferdinand to fall in love so that their future can be fixed. Basically, what Prospero does in this act is to make the first steps into getting his life back to normal.

He wants to get his dukedom back and get his daughter what he thinks she deserves. Bibliography:1. “NovelGuide: The Tempest: Theme Analysis. ” Novelguide: Free Study Guides, Free Book Summaries, Free Book Notes, & More. Web. 09 Jan. 2007. . 2. “Revenge play: Encyclopedia II – Revenge play – Origins conventions and themes. ” Enlightenment – The Experience Festival. Web. 10 Jan. 2007. . 3. “SparkNotes: The Tempest: Act III, scene iii. ” SparkNotes: Today’s Most Popular Study Guides. Web. 10 Jan. 2007. .

Author: Brandon Johnson

in The Tempest

The Tempest The Theme of Revenge

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Revenge and Reconciliation in the Tempest

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“The Tempest is more concerned with reconciliation than with revenge. ” Evaluate this view of The Tempest by exploring the action and effects of the play. Revenge tragedy was a highly popular genre during the Jacobean era, so understandably Shakespeare would have been heavily influenced by this; one of these examples being Hamlet. Revenge tragedies carried the evident message that those who dabble in revenge will end up being hurt themselves. This is seen in the final scene of Hamlet where the stage is predominantly crowded with corpses.

From looking at the opening scenes of The Tempest it may seem that this play, similar to the rest would follow this genre, however it reveals to have a much more harmonious message to it. Although the closing scenes of the play portray the importance of repentance and harmony, it does not deter from the fact that elements of revenge and unjust cruelty are seen throughout the play. The most obvious example would be that of Prospero’s revenge against Caliban. Prospero’s dominant justification for Caliban to be considered a ‘born devil’ is his attempted rape of Miranda.

There was once a time where Prospero and Caliban had a good relationship, and Caliban even claims “And then I loved thee”. One interpretation of Caliban is him being an evil creature, who in exchange for education and kindness attempted to take the innocence of Prospero’s daughter, Who after committing the act showed no remorse, merely saying “O ho, o ho, would’t had been done! ”. . Prospero is quick to threaten Caliban, “rack [him] with old cramps”, and restricts him within “this hard rock” in isolation.

When looking at Caliban, Prospero shows little mercy or forgiveness, and labels him “a born devil, on whose name/Nurture can never stick”. On one hand Prospero’s actions can be seen as understandable, as the only way in which order can be kept is to treat Caliban like a pet or a child. Caliban’s actions and behaviour reflect the very basic behaviour and functioning of primitive human beings, arguably a resemblance to a child. It could then be seen that Prospero’s dominance over him is similar to that of a father figure. — Prospero? plan for revenge is to make his three enemies go insane with guilt for their betrayal of him and the suffering they caused. This plan becomes most clear when Ariel masked as a Harpy states “you three/ From Milan did supplant good Prospero” For this betrayal they will suffer, Gonzalo, the rare moral man, watching the whole ordeal comments, “All three of them are desperate. Their great guilt,/ Like poison given to work a great time after” It is clear that the remorse and heavy guilt they feel is what causes them to suffer so greatly. Prospero overlooking this states that “these mine enemies are all knit up/ In their distractions.

They are now in my power”. This cements the idea that Prospero is out to take revenge on those who did him wrong, as he is pleased to see their suffering. However, Ariel soon tells Prospero that “The good old lord, Gonzalo/His tears run down his beard”, it could be argued that it is Ariel who persuades Prospero to have mercy. Ariel explains that “if you now beheld them / Your affections would become tender”. Arguably this exchange is what prompts Prospero to undergo a transformation as he is quick to realize that “the rarer action is/ In virtue than in vengeance”.

Prospero soon understands that his anger and passion were prompting him to take revenge. This results in Prospero realizing that revenge would not give him happiness but reconciliation, which is means he must learn to forgive. Prospero says to the ‘three men of sin” “I do forgive thee”. Alonso: It could be seen that Alonso’s initial reaction to seeing Prospero is not to apologize for sending him to his probable death, but question whether what he sees is real ** quote “. Alonso does then seek forgiveness, but the apology seems to be less than genuine.

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Possibly Alonso’s only real remorse is that his usurpation of Prospero has resulted in the death of his son Ferdinand, or so he believes. — Antonio “For you, most wicked sir, whom to call brother/ Would even infect my mouth, I do forgive/Thy rankest fault, — all of them; and require/My dukedom of thee, which perforce, I know,/Thou must restore” — “Not a hair perished” Prospero had obviously given his servant strict orders not to harm these people. This is because Prospero? s revenge plan necessitates the survival of these men.

Author: Brandon Johnson

in The Tempest

Revenge and Reconciliation in the Tempest

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